Small and large intestine

/Small and large intestine
Small and large intestine 2017-11-16T14:41:44+00:00

The small intestine (also known as the small bowel) is the longest portion of the digestive tract – it is more than 6 meters long and is located within the middle of the abdomen. It has three sections, the duodenum, jejunum and ileum. It completes the digestion of dietary fats, proteins and fats. The inner lining contains very small finger-like bumps called ‘villi’ which increase the surface available for absorption. The final nutrients produced are absorbed through this lining and transferred to the bloodstream. The large intestine (also known as the colon) reabsorbs water, nutrients and maintains the fluid balance of the body. It also processes undigested material (fibre) and stores waste before it is eliminated. Disorders are common diagnosed and treated by Dr Samuel include:

  • Coeliac disease
  • Crohn’s Disease and Ulcerative colitis
  • Iron deficiency
  • Lactose intolerance
  • Microscopic Colitis
  • Colorectal Cancer – Sporadic and Hereditary
  • Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP) and Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colorectal Cancer (HNPCC)
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common functional gastrointestinal disorder (FGID) affecting one in seven Australian adults and is also common in the USA, Europe and many Asian countries. This condition is characterised by chronic and relapsing symptoms; lower abdominal pain and discomfort, bloating, wind, distension and altered bowel habit (ranging from diarrhoea to constipation) but with no abnormal pathology. The diagnosis of IBS/FGID should be made by a medical practitioner

  • Small bowel diseases
  • Faecal incontinence
  • Haemorrhoids and anal fissure